BBC History Magazine - Alexander Watson. Łukasz Kamieński. Loading Preview. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. You can download the paper by. Download PDF BBC History UK - April from anesi.info Disclaimer: This site does not store any files on its server. We only index and link to content. Roman timeline. Follow the fascinating history of Romans in Britain from their first invasion to the end of Roman rule. Download English (PDF KB).
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A large archive of magazines from History true PDF, download and read American History – June BBC World Histories Magazine – March Free download BBC History - - magazine, book reading online without registration!. FROM THE MAKERS OF BBC HISTORY MAGAZINE JOURNEY THROUGH HISTORY'S GREAT CIVILISATIONS FROM THE MAKERS OF Alexander the Great.
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The Director-General is chief executive and from editor-in-chief. The Corporation has the following in-house divisions covering the BBC's output and operations: From as early as the s until the s, MI5 , the British domestic intelligence service, engaged in vetting of applicants for BBC positions, a policy designed to keep out persons deemed subversive.
This relationship garnered wider public attention after an article by David Leigh and Paul Lashmar appeared in The Observer in August , revealing that MI5 had been vetting appointments, running operations out of Room in Broadcasting House. An association with one of these groups could result in a denial of a job application. In October , the BBC announced that it would stop the vetting process, except for a few people in top roles, as well as those in charge of Wartime Broadcasting Service emergency broadcasting in event of a nuclear war and staff in the BBC World Service.
Such a licence is required to legally receive broadcast television across the UK , the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. No licence is required to own a television used for other means, or for sound only radio sets though a separate licence for these was also required for non-TV households until The cost of a television licence is set by the government and enforced by the criminal law. A discount is available for households with only black-and-white television sets.
As a result of the UK Government's recent spending review, an agreement has been reached between the government and the corporation in which the current licence fee will remain frozen at the current level until the Royal Charter is renewed at the beginning of The revenue is collected privately by Capita, an outside agency, and is paid into the central government Consolidated Fund , a process defined in the Communications Act Additional revenues are paid by the Department for Work and Pensions to compensate for subsidised licences for eligible overyear-olds.
The licence fee is classified as a tax,  and its evasion is a criminal offence. Since , collection and enforcement of the licence fee has been the responsibility of the BBC in its role as TV Licensing Authority. The BBC carries out surveillance mostly using subcontractors on properties under the auspices of the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act and may conduct searches of a property using a search warrant.
The licence fee has, however, attracted criticism. It has been argued that in an age of multi-stream, multi-channel availability, an obligation to pay a licence fee is no longer appropriate. The BBC's use of private sector company Capita Group to send letters to premises not paying the licence fee has been criticised, especially as there have been cases where such letters have been sent to premises which are up to date with their payments, or do not require a TV licence.
The BBC uses advertising campaigns to inform customers of the requirement to pay the licence fee. Past campaigns have been criticised by Conservative MP Boris Johnson and former MP Ann Widdecombe for having a threatening nature and language used to scare evaders into paying.
The majority of the BBC's commercial output comes from its commercial arm BBC Worldwide who sell programmes abroad and exploit key brands for merchandise. A significantly large portion of the BBC's income is spent on the corporation's Television and Radio services with each service having a different budget based upon their content. Renovation of Broadcasting House began in , and was completed in This facility has been host to a number of famous guests and programmes through the years, and its name and image is familiar with many British citizens.
The major part of this plan involves the demolition of the two post-war extensions to the building and construction of an extension  designed by Sir Richard MacCormac of MJP Architects. This move will concentrate the BBC's London operations, allowing them to sell Television Centre, which is expected to be completed by As well as the two main sites in London Broadcasting House and White City , there are seven other important BBC production centres in the UK, mainly specialising in different productions.
Open since October , and containing 7 new studios, Roath Lock  is notable as the home of productions such as Doctor Who and Casualty. BBC Scotland , based in Pacific Quay, Glasgow is a large producer of programmes for the network, including several quiz shows. In England, the larger regions also produce some programming.
The BBC also operates several news gathering centres in various locations around the world, which provide news coverage of that region to the national and international news operations. He also stated that supplier accountability had been strengthened following some high-profile technology failures which had taken place during the partnership with Siemens.
BBC One is a regionalised TV service which provides opt-outs throughout the day for local news and other local programming. These variations are more pronounced in the BBC "Nations", i. Northern Ireland , Scotland and Wales , where the presentation is mostly carried out locally on BBC One and Two, and where programme schedules can vary greatly from that of the network.
BBC Two was also the first channel to be transmitted on lines in , then carry a small-scale regular colour service from BBC One would follow in November It is also the first multi-genre channel to come entirely from Scotland with almost all of its programmes made in Scotland.
The service was initially only available via satellite but since June has been available to viewers in Scotland on Freeview and cable television. It launched on 9 June , following a month trial of the broadcasts.
It became a proper channel in , and screened HD programmes as simulcasts of the main network, or as repeats. In these countries digital and cable operators carry a range of BBC channels.
This online streaming ability came about following experiments with live streaming, involving streaming certain channels in the UK. In December , the BBC completed a digitisation exercise, scanning the listings of all BBC programmes from an entire run of about 4, copies of the Radio Times magazine from the first, , issue to later listings already being held electronically , the "BBC Genome project", with a view to creating an online database of its programme output.
The BBC has ten radio stations serving the whole of the UK, a further six stations in the "national regions" Wales , Scotland , and Northern Ireland , and 40 other local stations serving defined areas of England.
These are BBC Radio 1 , offering new music and popular styles and being notable for its chart show; BBC Radio 2 , playing Adult contemporary , country and soul music amongst many other genres; BBC Radio 3 , presenting classical and jazz music together with some spoken-word programming of a cultural nature in the evenings; BBC Radio 4 , focusing on current affairs, factual and other speech-based programming, including drama and comedy; and BBC Radio 5 Live , broadcasting hour news, sport and talk programmes.
These stations supplement and expand on the big five stations, and were launched in BBC Radio 5 Live Sports Extra sisters 5 Live and offers extra sport analysis, including broadcasting sports that previously were not covered. BBC Radio 6 Music offers alternative music genres and is notable as a platform for new artists.
Following the change to Radio 4 Extra, the service has dropped a defined children's strand in favour of family-friendly drama and comedy. In addition, new programmes to complement Radio 4 programmes were introduced such as Ambridge Extra , and Desert Island Discs revisited. The final station is the BBC Asian Network , providing music, talk and news to this section of the community.
This station evolved out of Local radio stations serving certain areas, and as such this station is available on Medium Wave frequency in some areas of the Midlands.
BBC Radio Bristol , county or region e. BBC Radio Solent covering the central south coast. A further six stations broadcast in what the BBC terms "the national regions": Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.
There is no BBC local radio station, however, in the Isle of Man, partly because the island has long been served by the popular independent commercial station, Manx Radio , which predates the existence of BBC Local Radio. BBC services in the dependencies are financed from television licence fees which are set at the same level as those payable in the UK, although collected locally.
For a worldwide audience, the BBC World Service provides news, current affairs and information in 28 languages, including English, around the world and is available in over capital cities. It is broadcast worldwide on shortwave radio, DAB and online and has an estimated weekly audience of million, and its websites have an audience of 38 million people per week.
The service is funded by a Parliamentary Grant-in-Aid, administered by the Foreign Office ; however, following the Government's spending review in , this funding will cease, and it will be funded for the first time through the Licence fee. Historically, the BBC was the only legal radio broadcaster based in the UK mainland until , when University Radio York URY , then under the name Radio York , was launched as the first, and now oldest, legal independent radio station in the country.
However, the BBC did not enjoy a complete monopoly before this as several Continental stations, such as Radio Luxembourg , had broadcast programmes in English to Britain since the s and the Isle of Man-based Manx Radio began in Today, despite the advent of commercial radio , BBC radio stations remain among the most listened to in the country, with Radio 2 having the largest audience share up to BBC programming is also available to other services and in other countries.
Since , the BBC has provided radio programming to the British Forces Broadcasting Service , which broadcasts in countries where British troops are stationed. In addition to this, the BBC has been developing new ways to access BBC News, as a result has launched the service on BBC Mobile, making it accessible to mobile phones and PDAs, as well as developing alerts by e-mail, digital television, and on computers through a desktop alert.
Ratings figures suggest that during major incidents such as the 7 July London bombings or royal events, the UK audience overwhelmingly turns to the BBC's coverage as opposed to its commercial rivals.
At peak times during the day there were 40, page requests per second for the BBC News website. The BBC's online presence includes a comprehensive news website and archive.
The website is funded by the Licence fee, but uses GeoIP technology, allowing advertisements to be carried on the site when viewed outside of the UK. The centre of the website is the Homepage, which features a modular layout.
Users can choose which modules, and which information, is displayed on their homepage, allowing the user to customise it. This system was first launched in December , becoming permanent in February , and has undergone a few aesthetical changes since then.
As part of the site, every programme on BBC Television or Radio is given its own page, with bigger programmes getting their own micro-site, and as a result it is often common for viewers and listeners to be told website addresses URLs for the programme website. Also, through participation in the Creative Archive Licence group, bbc.
BBC Jam was a free online service, delivered through broadband and narrowband connections, providing high-quality interactive resources designed to stimulate learning at home and at school.
Initial content was made available in January ; however, BBC Jam was suspended on 20 March due to allegations made to the European Commission that it was damaging the interests of the commercial sector of the industry.
In recent years, some major on-line companies and politicians have complained that BBC Online receives too much funding from the television licence, meaning that other websites are unable to compete with the vast amount of advertising-free on-line content available on BBC Online. BBC Online will now attempt to fill in gaps in the market, and will guide users to other websites for currently existing market provision. For example, instead of providing local events information and timetables, users will be guided to outside websites already providing that information.
Part of this plan included the BBC closing some of its websites, and rediverting money to redevelop other parts. Unlike Ceefax , the service's analogue counterpart, BBC Red Button is able to display full-colour graphics, photographs, and video, as well as programmes and can be accessed from any BBC channel. The service carries News, Weather and Sport 24 hours a day, but also provides extra features related to programmes specific at that time. Examples include viewers to play along at home to gameshows, to give, voice and vote on opinions to issues, as used alongside programmes such as Question Time.
At some points in the year, when multiple sporting events occur, some coverage of less mainstream sports or games are frequently placed on the Red Button for viewers to watch. Frequently, other features are added unrelated to programmes being broadcast at that time, such as the broadcast of the Doctor Who animated episode Dreamland in November It also buys a selected number of broadcasts from the Ulster Orchestra in Belfast.
The BBC is also responsible for the United Kingdom coverage of the Eurovision Song Contest , a show with which the broadcaster has been associated for over 60 years. The BBC operates other ventures in addition to their broadcasting arm. In addition to broadcasting output on television and radio, some programmes are also displayed on the BBC Big Screens located in several central-city locations.
The BBC also developed several computers throughout the s, most notably the BBC Micro , which ran alongside the corporation's educational aims and programming. It showed informational pages such as News, Sport and the Weather. Oracle closed on New Year's Eve, During its lifetime it attracted millions of viewers, right up to , prior to the digital switchover in the United Kingdom.
It ceased transmission at In , the BBC, in partnership with fellow UK Broadcasters ITV and Channel 4 who later withdrew from the project , set up 'project kangaroo' to develop an international online streaming service to rival services such as Netflix and Hulu. However, the service eventually launched as BritBox in March The online platform shows a catalogue of classic BBC and ITV shows, as well as making a number of programmes available shortly after their UK broadcast.
As of [update] , BritBox is available in the United States with the potential availability for new markets in the future. BBC Worldwide Limited is the wholly owned commercial subsidiary of the BBC, responsible for the commercial exploitation of BBC programmes and other properties, including a number of television stations throughout the world.
It was formed following the restructuring of its predecessor, BBC Enterprises, in The company owns and administers a number of commercial stations around the world operating in a number of territories and on a number of different platforms. The channel itself is the oldest surviving entity of its kind, and has 50 foreign news bureaus and correspondents in nearly all countries in the world. These channels contain BBC archive programming to be rebroadcast on their respective channels: Alibi , crime dramas; Drama , drama, launched in ; Dave slogan: In addition to these channels, many BBC programmes are sold via BBC Worldwide to foreign television stations with comedy, documentaries and historical drama productions being the most popular.
In addition to programming, BBC Worldwide produces material to accompany programmes. Soundtrack albums, talking books and sections of radio broadcasts are also sold under the brand BBC Records , with DVDs also being sold and licensed in large quantities to consumers both in the UK and abroad under the 2 Entertain brand.
Archive programming and classical music recordings are sold under the brand BBC Legends. Until the development, popularisation, and domination of television, radio was the broadcast medium upon which people in the United Kingdom relied.
It "reached into every home in the land, and simultaneously united the nation, an important factor during the Second World War". It suspended its television service during the Second World War and until , but remained the only television broadcaster in the UK until , when Independent Television ITV began operating.
Nevertheless, "throughout the s radio still remained the dominant source of broadcast comedy". Despite the advent of commercial television and radio, the BBC has remained one of the main elements in British popular culture through its obligation to produce TV and radio programmes for mass audiences.
Competition from Independent Television , Channel 4 , Sky , and other broadcast-television stations has lessened the BBC's influence, but its public broadcasting remains a major influence on British popular culture. It was then borrowed, shortened and popularised by radio DJ Kenny Everett. To celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the BBC the song " Auntie " was released in The BBC has faced various accusations regarding many topics: It also has been involved in numerous controversies because of its coverage of specific news stories and programming.
The BBC has long faced accusations from conservatives of liberal and left-wing bias.
It has a liberal bias, not so much a party-political bias. It is better expressed as a cultural liberal bias. Conversely, writing for The Guardian , the left-wing columnist Owen Jones stated "the truth is the BBC is stacked full of rightwingers,"  and he cited as an example of bias its employment of "ultra- Thatcherite " Andrew Neil as a politics presenter.
A BBC World Service newsreader who presented a daily show produced for Kyrgyzstan was claimed to have participated in an opposition movement with the goal of overthrowing the government led by president Kurmanbek Bakiyev.
BBC's first three-box logo used from until [ citation needed ]. BBC's second three-box logo used from until [ citation needed ]. BBC's third three-box logo used from until [ citation needed ]. BBC's fourth three-box logo used from until . BBC's fifth and current three-box logo used since From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the British Broadcasting Corporation.
For other uses, see BBC disambiguation. Broadcasting Radio Web portals. Television Radio Online. Operating income. Net income. Further information: Timeline of the BBC. Main article: BBC Board. See also: Television licence and Television licensing in the United Kingdom.
List of BBC properties. BBC Television. BBC Genome Project. Main articles: BBC News. BBC Online. BBC Red Button. BBC Worldwide. Logo of the BBC. Retrieved 1 April July Retrieved 25 May Retrieved 19 July Retrieved 1 March Media Newsline. Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 23 September Archived from the original on 7 November Archived from the original on 16 January Retrieved 1 January British Broadcasting Corporation.
Retrieved 31 October Harris, Phil; Fleisher, Craig S. Lobbying for a new BBC Charter". The handbook of public affairs. Archived from the original on 10 February Retrieved 12 February Legislation and policy ". Archived from the original on 29 January TV Licence Fee: Archived from the original on 7 September The BBC: Public Institution and Private World. Games, facts and fun about the Romans in Britain and at home.
If you work with groups of children and adults order our archaeology group pack. Search term: Read more. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets CSS enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets CSS if you are able to do so.
This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Find out more about page archiving. The Romans. Meet the Romans This simple introduction to the Romans and how they changed Britain will set the scene before you make your mosaic or villa. Make a model Roman villa Build a Roman Villa at home complete with a pond, courtyard and even under-floor heating!
Though the capital had moved to Ravenna in , the attack shocks the western Roman empire after a century of decline. Rome is sacked again in , by the Vandals under Geiseric; the last western emperor, Romulus Augustulus, is deposed in Undeterred, Victor Loret, head of the Egyptian Antiquities Service, found more royal and non-royal tombs in At that point the general opinion was that the site really had revealed its last secret.
However, by the late s views were changing. A desert valley lined with burial chambers — some 25 tombs of kings of Egypt and another 40 tombs of nobles and members of the royal family. Those of the kings are usually richly decorated with religious scenes and texts.
When was it used? Why is it important? Thus the next expedition, begun in under the leadership of British draughtsman John Romer, had as a key objective the gathering of geological and conservation data throughout the valley.
But in the season the tombs built for Ramesses X and XI early 11th century BC — the last two to be cut in the valley — were investigated.
Neither seemed to have been used, and they had stood open since their builders abandoned them. These were photog Automatyczne logowanie Zarejestruj.
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